Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city is the 2nd flagship Government-to-Government project between Singapore and China after Suzhou Industrial Park. The project was mooted by then Singapore Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao in April 2007, against the backdrop of rapid urbanisation and increasing global attention on the importance of sustainable development. On 18 November 2007, Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao signed a Framework Agreement for Singapore and China to jointly develop Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city.
The Tianjin Eco-city's vision is to be "A thriving city which is socially harmonious, environmentally-friendly and resource-efficient – a model for sustainable development". This vision is underpinned by the concepts of "Three Harmonies" and "Three Abilities".
"Three Harmonies" refers to:
- People living in harmony with other people, i.e. social harmony
- People living in harmony with economic activities, i.e. economic vibrancy
- People living in harmony with the environment, i.e. environmental sustainability
"Three Abilities” refers to the Eco-city being:
- Practicable - the technologies adopted in the Eco-city must be affordable and commercially viable
- Replicable - the principles and models of the Eco-city could be applied to other cities in China and even in other countries
- Scalable - the principles and models could be adapted for another project or development of a different scale